How can we help to improve the health care system in this country? Politicians and others continue to debate this issue. They always conclude that more money is the answer. But this approach is doomed to failure. How can it work when it’s taken 40,000 years for humans to get into such horrible shape? How did it happen? And is there a solution?
Dr. Barry Bogin is a professor of anthropology at the University of Michigan. He says we all envision our Paleolithic ancestors as being short, bent-over people with small brains. Actually, they were a tad taller with brains as large as ours. And if alive today they would not require hospitalization for so much degenerative disease.
Admittedly, most stone-age people did not live as long as today’s North Americans. Large numbers died hunting animals or from infection due to lack of antibiotics. Others suffered terrible deaths from childbirth, but the ones that escaped these problems did not, later in life, face cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension or obesity, all today’s big killers.
What protected them? Ironically, it was the things they lacked that saved them. Three meals a day were never guaranteed so they had to continually exert themselves to find food.
Dr. Bogin reports that today most people expend only 400 calories to complete the day’s chores. Cars, television sets and computers don’t burn up calories. Stone-age people lost 1,600 calories hunting and gathering food. This, along with the absence of fast-food outlets and supermarkets, kept them thin, a major factor in preventing degenerative disease.
Nutritional anthropologists can pinpoint what stone-age people ate by analyzing their bones and fossilized human waste. And how their nutrition safeguarded them from certain diseases.
Possibly their major protection was the lack of sugar. The only source of pure sugar was honey, not easy to get, and only available in certain areas a few months of the year. Today, we consume 20 teaspoons of sugar daily which translates into 146,000 calories a year and 42 lbs of body fat if it’s not burned up by exercise.
What’s beyond belief is that Americans now eat more refined sugar in a single day than stone-age people ate in a lifetime! One reason why stone-age people were free of cavities.
Stone-age people also lacked excessive sodium. They consumed about 1,000 milligrams of sodium daily. Today, we use from 4,000 to 6,000 mg every day mostly from supermarket foods. One reason why hypertension is a leading cause of death.
Paleolithic man had phenomenal good luck. He consumed up to 150 grams of fiber daily due to a diet rich in plant food. This triggered large soft stools, prevented constipation, diverticulitis and possibly colon cancer. North Americans consume a mere15 grams daily of fiber.
Dr. Bogin says they were also not exposed to saturated fats, the type linked to coronary disease. It’s estimated that the American public devours 200 hamburgers every second!
Paleo’s didn’t eat significant amounts of saturated fat even in areas where game was abundant. The bison, who roamed the prairies, were thin, and what fat they contained was largely unsaturated fat. In fact, Dr. Bogin claims some of their fat was omega-3 fatty acids, the kind found in fish.
Nor could thirsty stone-age people run to the corner store for a 10-ounce can of soda pop loaded with eight teaspoons of sugar. Neither had they learned to ferment grains and grapes. Without alcohol they escaped some cancers. All they had was calorie-free water, no doubt cleaner than today’s drinking water.
Paleolithic people also escaped osteoporosis. This, in spite of the fact that cows and goats were not herded for dairy products. But their plant foods were so high in calcium that they averaged 1,900 milligrams of calcium a day.
We can learn from our ancient ancestors by eating whole wheat bread, bran cereals, adding more fruit and vegetables to our diet, drinking milk, and above all, saying no to drinks laden with sugar. And if we rise out of our chairs more often, maybe we can then control escalating costs in health care.
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